Inhibition of the EGF receptor by binding of MIG6 to an activating kinase domain interface


Xuewu Zhang, Kerry A. Pickin, Ron Bose, Natalia Jura, Philip A. Cole, and John Kuriyan


Nature (2007) doi:10.1038/nature059989. (local copy)

Abstract / Figures from the paper / Coordinates / Supplementary Information


Abstract:

Members of the epidermal growth factor receptor family (EGFR/ ERBB1, ERBB2/HER2, ERBB3/HER3 and ERBB4/HER4) are key targets for inhibition in cancer therapy1. Critical for activation is the formation of an asymmetric dimer by the intracellular kinase domains, in which the carboxy-terminal lobe (C lobe) of one kinase domain induces an active conformation in the other2. The cytoplasmic protein MIG6 (mitogen-induced gene 6; also known as ERRFI1) interacts with and inhibits the kinase domains of EGFR and ERBB2 (refs 3-5). Crystal structures of complexes between the EGFR kinase domain and a fragment of MIG6 show that a 25- residue epitope (segment 1) from MIG6 binds to the distal surface of the C lobe of the kinase domain. Biochemical and cell-based analyses confirm that this interaction contributes to EGFR inhibi- tion by blocking the formation of the activating dimer interface. A longer MIG6 peptide that is extended C terminal to segment 1 has increased potency as an inhibitor of the activated EGFR kinase domain, while retaining a critical dependence on segment 1. We show that signalling by EGFR molecules that contain constitu- tively active kinase domains still requires formation of the asym- metric dimer, underscoring the importance of dimer interface blockage in MIG6-mediated inhibition.

Illustrations from the paper.

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Figure 1. Structure of the EGFR kinase domain/MIG6(segment 1). a, Schematic diagram of human MIG6 primary structure. Regions of interest, including the previously defined EGFR/ERBB2 binding region4,5,12, are boxed and labelled. b, Two orthogonal views of the EGFR kinase domain/ MIG6(segment 1) complex. A channel to which peptide inhibitors of some other kinases docked is indicated15,16. The electron density around MIG6(segment 1) in the right panel is contoured at 3s and is from a simulated annealing omit map with coefficients ( | FO | - | FC | )eiaC, where the calculated structure factors are generated from a model that does not contain MIG6. c, Detailed view of the interface between the EGFR kinase domain and MIG6(segment 1). Hydrogen bonds are represented by dashed lines. d, Comparison of the MIG6(segment 1) binding interface and the kinase domain asymmetric dimer interface on the distal surface of the kinase C lobe. A large portion of the surface is shared by the two interfaces (outlined), and it is clear that binding of the EGFR kinase domain by MIG6(segment 1) would block the formation of the asymmetric activating dimer. c and d are in similar orientations to that in the right panel of b..



Figure 2. Binding and inhibition of EGFR by MIG6(segment 1). a, Titrations of the wild-type mutants to the 30-residue (residues 334-363) fluorescein-labelled MIG6 peptide. b, Titrations of the wild-type EGFR kinase domain to the wild- type and three mutant 30-residue fluorescein- labelled peptides. ND denotes 'not determined' (KD values cannot be determined reliably). c, Inhibition of the activity of the EGFR kinase domain by peptides spanning MIG6(segment 1) in the vesicle-based kinase assay. The 60-, 40- and 30-residue peptides contain the entire binding epitope of segment 1, whereas the 25-residue peptide lacks the N-terminal 3 residues. The mutations were introduced in the 30-residue peptide. See Supplementary Table 1 for the residue boundaries. Fl, fluorescein. d, A cell- based assay showing that MIG6 inhibits full- length EGFR autophosphorylation, whereas mutations in segment 1 abolish the inhibition.



Figure 3. Inhibition of EGFR kinase activity by MIG6(segments 1-2). a, Inhibition of the L834R mutant kinase in solution by peptides 336-412 or 336-412(Y358A) (containing both segment 1 and 2). The 30-residue peptide (containing segment 1 only) is used as a control. The insert shows an expanded view at low peptide concentrations. b, Inhibition of the wild-type kinase in solution by peptides 336-412 or 336-412(Y358A). Titration of peptide 336-412 beyond 30 mM leads to unreliable results owing to precipitation of the protein and peptide (see Methods).


Figure 4. A double-headed mechanism for EGFR inhibition by MIG6. a, A co-transfection experiment showing that EGFR(activator) can activate EGFR(activatable), and that MIG6 can inhibit this activation. b, Co-transfection experiments showing that full-length EGFR containing the L834R/V924R double mutation only shows autophosphorylation when co- transfected with EGFR(activator). Co- transfection combinations in a and b are represented by the cartoons in the respective lower panels, for clarity. The I682Q, D813N, L834R and V924R mutations are denoted in the cartoons by a circle, diamond, star and triangle, respectively. c, A schematic diagram showing the double-headed mechanism for EGFR inhibition by MIG6 involving both segment 1 and segment 2.




Coordinates

Crystal structure of the complex between the EGFR kinase domain and a Mig6 peptide

Crystal structure of the complex between the EGFR kinase domain and a Mig6 peptide

Crystal structure of the complex between the EGFR kinase domain and a Mig6 peptide


Supplementary Information

Supplementary Information